Exod 18:6–8 [Tigchelaar: Hab 2:1–3?]

Name or Description

Alleged Provenance

“Found at Qumran … in Cave 4, some time between 1952 and 1956. The fragment itself dates between 150 BC – AD 68” (cited in Davila 2009).


Listed by Emanuel Tov in his Revised Lists of the Texts from the Judaean Desert

X10a or X11 (XExoda or XExodb)? at pp. 109 and 125

Listed by Accordance


Michael R. Thompson — Lee Biondi ➤ Azusa Pacific University (Aug 2009)

Asking price

Feb 2009: $145,000 (Michael R. Thompson, Booksellers) [Davila 2009]

Purchase Price Dealer/Seller ➤ Collector/Buyer

2009: $1,38 million (total price of fragments APU1–5) [Davis 2017, 237 n.22] William Kando — Lee Biondi ➤ Azusa Pacific University [Estrin 2013]



Measurements in cm


Frg. Part of a Ms Edition


Davila, James R. 2009. “Dead Sea Scrolls Fragments for Sale.” PaleoJudaica.com, 2 February. https://paleojudaica.blogspot.com/2009/02/dead-sea-scrolls-fragments-for-sale-by.html

Davis, Kipp. 2017. “Cave of Dispute: Patterns of Correspondence and Suspicion in the Post-2002 ‘Dead Sea Scrolls’ Fragments.” DSD 24.2: 229–70.

Estrin, Daniel. 2013. “Dead Sea Scroll Fragments to Hit the Auction Block.” The Times of Israel 25 May.

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