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9. DSS F.104 Exod4

DSS F. No.
104

DSS F. Name
Exod4

Collection No.
MS 4612/2b

Alleged Provenance
1. Community of the Essenes, Qumran (ca. 30 BC/20 AD–68 AD); 2. Qumran Cave 4 (68–1952); 3. Khalil Iskander Shahin (“Kando”), Bethlehem (1952–65), Lebanon (1965–69), Zürich (1969-93); 4. Private collection, Switzerland (1993–2001)

(Schøyen not dated)

Wrongly Identified as ([by])
4Q14 (Exodc) frg. 1b 1–5 (Eshel and Eshel 2007)

Emanuel Tov, Revised Lists of the Texts from the Judaean Desert (Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2010)
4Q14 (Exodc) probable identification at pp. 22–23

Accordance
4Q14 f1b:1–5 in DSSB-C and DSSB-M

Collector(s)/Collection(s)
William Kando ➤ Schøyen Collection (2003–4)

Lines
5

Measurements in cm
3.1 x 4.0

Image 1
Colour (Biondi 2004, frontcover and p. 19)

Image 2
Colour (Biondi 2009, 19)

Sources
Biondi, Lee. 2004. The Dead Sea Scrolls to the Bible in America: A Brief History of the Bible from Antiquity to Modern America – Told Through Ancient Manuscripts and Early European and American Printed Bibles. Biblical Arts of Arizona. See the frontcover and p. 19.

Biondi, Lee. 2009. From the Dead Sea Scrolls to the Bible in America: A Brief History of the Bible from Antiquity to Modern America – Told Through Ancient Manuscripts and Early European and American Printed Bibles. Camarillo: Legacy Ministries International. See p. 19.

Davis, Kipp, Ira Rabin, Ines Feldman, Myriam Krutzsch, Hasia Rimon, Årstein Justnes, Torleif Elgvin and Michael Langlois. 2017. “Nine Dubious ‘Dead Sea Scrolls’ Fragments from the Twenty-First Century.” DSD 24: 189–228, see esp. 202–5.

Eshel, Esther, and Hanan Eshel. 2007. “A Preliminary Report on Seven New Fragments from Qumran.” Meghillot 5–6:271–78, at 272–74.

Lange, Armin. 2009. Handbuch der Textfunde vom Totem Meer. Vol. 1 of Die Handschriften biblischer Bücher von Qumran und den anderen Fundorten. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 59–60.

Schøyen, Martin. Not dated. The Schøyen Collection: Short Description Catalogue – Dead Sea Scroll material.