Neh 3:14–15

Name or Description

Alleged Provenance

“Qumran Cave IV” [Charlesworth 2008]

“Provenance: 1. Community of the Essenes, Qumran (circa 30 BC-68 AD); 2. Qumran Cave 4 (A.D. 68-1952); 3. Bedouin discoverers to Khalil Iskander Shahin in Bethlehem. 4. Khalil Iskander Shahin to a private collector in France (1953-2004) 4. Private collection, Switzerland (2004-2006). Purchased and re-conserved by an American dealer in 2006.

The item is guaranteed to be authentic, legally exported from the Middle East in the 1950s and legally imported into the United States.”


Listed by Emanuel Tov in his Revised Lists of the Texts from the Judaean Desert

X25 (XNeh) at pp. 110 and 129

Listed by Accordance


William Kando (?) ➤ Lee Biondi (?) (→ James Charlesworth) ➤ Schøyen Collection (2009)

Asking price

“well into six figures” (

Purchase Price Dealer/Seller ➤ Collector/Buyer



Measurements in cm

3 x 4.3


Charlesworth 2008

Frg. Part of a Ms Edition


Biondi, Lee. 2009. From the Dead Sea Scrolls to the Bible in America: A Brief History of the Bible From Antiquity to Modern America – Told Through Ancient Manuscripts and Early European and American Printed Bibles. Camarillo: Legacy Ministries International.

Charlesworth, James H. 2008. “Announcing a Dead Sea Scrolls Fragment of Nehemiah.” Institute for Judaism and Christian Origins, 20(?) July.

Davis, Kipp, Ira Rabin, Ines Feldman, Myriam Krutzsch, Hasia Rimon, Årstein Justnes, Torleif Elgvin and Michael Langlois. 2017. “Nine Dubious ‘Dead Sea Scrolls’ Fragments from the Twenty-First Century.” DSD 24: 189–228.

Lange, Armin. Handbuch der Textfunde vom Totem Meer. Vol. 1 of Die Handschriften biblischer Bücher von Qumran und den anderen Fundorten. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2009. See pp. 523–24.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

About the Project

The Lying Pen of Scribes research project represents a new interdisciplinary and holistic approach to the Dead Sea Scrolls and seeks to create a more comprehensive dataset. Its main objective is to produce a comprehensive resource of data, methods, and procedures for the interdisciplinary analysis of Dead Sea Scrolls manuscripts and fragments through a combination of physical analyses, digital imaging, machine learning, the study of scribal practices, critical provenance research, and an exploration of media that shaped the narratives about the world’s most famous manuscript find. Follow our work on the links below:

Contact Us

Partner Institutions

University of Agder